Coronavirus pandemic: Tracking the global outbreak

Coronavirus pandemic: Tracking the global outbreak

People wearing masks in the Indonesia capital Jakarta

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Coronavirus is continuing its spread across the world, with some seven million confirmed cases in 188 countries. More than 400,000 people have lost their lives.

This series of maps and charts tracks the global outbreak of the virus since it emerged in China in December last year.

How many cases and deaths have there been?

The virus, which causes the respiratory infection Covid-19, was first detected in the city of Wuhan, China, in late 2019.

It then spread quickly across the globe in the first months of 2020.

Confirmed cases around the world

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Source: Johns Hopkins University, national public health agencies

Figures last updated

7 June 2020, 16:59 BST

Note: The map and table in this page use a different source for figures for France from that used by Johns Hopkins University, which results in a slightly lower overall total.

The US has by far the largest number of cases, almost 30% of the global total, according to figures collated by Johns Hopkins University. It also has the world’s highest death toll, followed by the UK and Brazil.

In Europe, Italy, France and Spain have also been badly hit.

In China, the official death toll is some 4,600 from about 84,000 confirmed cases, although critics have questioned whether the country’s official numbers can be trusted.

Globally, the true number of cases is thought to be much higher than the reported figures, as many of those with milder symptoms have not been tested and counted.

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This information is regularly updated but may not reflect the latest totals for each country.

** The past data for new cases is a three day rolling average. Due to revisions in the number of cases, an average cannot be calculated for this date.

Source: Johns Hopkins University, national public health agencies and UN population data

Figures last updated: 7 June 2020, 16:59 BST

The outbreak was declared a global pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 11 March. This is when an infectious disease is passing easily from person to person in many parts of the world at the same time.

The WHO has warned that the pandemic is a long way from being over and says people should be prepared for new outbreaks to build up very quickly – especially in areas where lockdowns are eased.

Globally, at least 4.5 billion people – half the world’s population – were living under social distancing measures at the height of the pandemic in Europe, according to the AFP news agency’s estimates.

Those restrictions have had a big impact on the global economy, with the International Monetary Fund warning the world faces the worst recession since the Great Depression of the 1930s.

The United Nations World Food Programme has also warned that the pandemic could almost double the number of people suffering acute hunger.

Where are coronavirus cases still rising?

While some countries are starting to see confirmed cases and deaths fall following strict lockdown restrictions, others are still seeing figures rise.

A sharp increase in cases in Latin America in the second half of May led the WHO to say the Americas were the new centre of the pandemic. But there have also been new spikes in Africa, Asia and the Middle East.

These charts show four countries – India, Russia, Mexico and Peru – where deaths have been on an upward trajectory – as shown by the red lines.

There is particular concern about the situation in Brazil. There are now more than 690,000 cases in the country and more than 36,000 people have died, according to official figures.

President Jair Bolsonaro said on Sunday his country would no longer be reporting cumulative totals of deaths and cases, as it did not reflect “the moment the country is in”.

He did not explain why months of historical data were being removed from the government’s website, but he said measures were being taken to “improve the reporting of cases”.

Brazil’s death toll could exceed 125,000 by early August, according to a projection by experts at the University of Washington.

Several other countries in Latin America are seeing widespread outbreaks, including Peru, Mexico, Chile and Ecuador.

Elsewhere, Russia has seen infections rise rapidly in recent weeks, but is easing some lockdown restrictions.

India has also seen infections spike and Iran is showing signs of a second wave of infections.

South Africa, Egypt and Nigeria have seen the largest outbreaks in Africa.

South Korea, which appeared to have brought its outbreak under control with an extensive “track, trace and treat” programme, has been forced to reintroduce some restrictions after a small spike in cases.

New Zealand has declared itself coronavirus free, and will lift all restrictions except for strict border controls.

Europe easing lockdown restrictions

In Europe, the UK, Italy, Spain and France, along with others, now appear to have passed the peak, with the number of new confirmed cases and deaths falling.

The UK has reported more than 40,000 coronavirus deaths, the highest number in Europe. Italy has had the second highest death toll with almost 34,000, while both France and Spain are just below 30,000.

However, differences in population size and how countries report their figures, with some including deaths in care homes, or deaths of those suspected but not confirmed of having the virus, means international comparisons are complicated.

Having been on lockdown to control the spread of the virus, European countries are now beginning to ease restrictions.

How and when restrictions are lifted varies from country to country, but the WHO has urged all nations to adopt a “slow, steady” approach.

New York the worst-hit in US outbreak

With more than 1.9 million cases, the US has the highest number of confirmed infections in the world. It has also recorded more than 110,000 deaths.

The state of New York has been particularly badly affected, with more than 30,000 deaths in total, but the number of daily deaths has dropped to fewer than 100 since 23 May – down from 1,000 a day in early April.

At one point, more than 90% of the US population was under mandatory lockdown orders, but all 50 states have now begun to loosen their stay-at-home restrictions and allowed some businesses to reopen – a move health officials fear could further spread the virus.

While the rate of new cases is now declining in many states, in others – including California, and several south-eastern states – it is still rising.

And mass protests against police brutality following the death of George Floyd have led to warnings from public health experts that gathering crowds could cause a further resurgence.

The latest figures show more than 42 million people have lost their jobs since the outbreak hit the US – a quarter of the American workforce.

The rise means the jobless rate is now worse than at any time since the Great Depression of the 1930s.

About this data

The data used on this page comes from a variety of sources. It includes figures collated by Johns Hopkins University, data from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, national governments and health agencies, as well as UN data on populations.

When comparing figures from different countries it is important to bear in mind that not all governments are recording coronavirus cases and deaths in the same way. This makes like for like comparisons between countries difficult.

Other factors to consider include: different population sizes, the size of the a country’s elderly population or whether a particular country has a large amount of its people living in densely populated areas. In addition, countries may be in different stages of the pandemic.

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